脑功能基因组学教育部重点实验室
Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education

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"Hierarchical requirement of the exocytosis and other signaling pathways in dendrite growth and maintenance"彭云 博士(University of Washington)-2015.12.24

发布日期:2016-08-30 浏览次数: 作者:

"Hierarchical requirement of the exocytosis and other signaling pathways in dendrite growth and maintenance"彭云 博士(University of Washington)-2015.12.24

时间:2015年12月24日 10:00

地点:中北校区 脑功能基因组学研究所一楼会议室

报告题目:Hierarchical requirement of the exocytosis and other signaling pathways in dendrite growth and maintenance

报告人:彭云 博士 University of Washington

主持人:林龙年 教授

 

报告人简介:University of Washington.  Yun Peng obtained Ph.D. degree in Neuroscience from the Institutes of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai, to investigated the mechanisms of neuronal dendrite development and homeostasis, and the role of N-cadherin in neuronal activity-induced dendrite outgrowth . His postdoctoral research work was in Professor Wen-Cheng Xiong’s lab at Georgia Regents University to study the role of Myosin X in axon development. After completing the project, he joined Dr. Shenfeng Qiu’s lab at University of Arizona to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying Autism related gene MET-induced dendrite defect. Now, He is in Dr. Jay Parrish’s lab at University of Washington to investigate the molecule mechanism underlying dendrite outgrowth. His research work showed the hierarchical requirement of the exocytosis pathway in dendrite growth and maintenance.

 

报告简介:Dendrites lengthen by several orders of magnitude during neuronal development, but how membrane is allocated in dendrites to facilitate this growth remains unclear. Here, we report that Ras opposite (Rop), the Drosophila ortholog of the key exocytosis regulator Munc18-1, is an essential factor mediating dendrite growth. Neurons with depleted Rop function exhibit reduced terminal dendrite outgrowth followed by primary dendrite degeneration, suggestive of differential requirements for exocytosis in the growth and maintenance of different dendritic compartments. Rop promotes dendrite growth together with the exocyst, an octameric protein complex involved in tethering vesicles to the plasma membrane, with Rop-exocyst complexes and exocytosis predominating in primary dendrites over terminal dendrites. By contrast, membrane-associated proteins readily diffuse from primary dendrites into terminals, but not in the reverse direction, suggesting that diffusion, rather than targeted exocytosis, supplies membranous material for terminal dendritic growth, revealing key differences in the distribution of materials to these expanding dendritic compartments.

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